The Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO promotes international cooperation and coordinates programmes in research, services and capacity building to learn more about the nature and resources of the ocean and coastal areas. This knowledge is applied for the improvement of management, sustainable development, the protection of the marine environment, and the decision-making processes of its Member States.
The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) is a specialized agency of the United Nation (UN). It is the UN system's authoritative voice on the state and behaviour the Earth's atmosphere, its interaction with the oceans, the climate it produces and the resulting distribution of water resources.
The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) is the leading global environmental authority that sets the global environmental agenda, promotes the coherent implementation of the environmental dimension of sustainable development within the United Nations system and serves as an authoritative advocate for the global environment.
The International Council for Science (ICSU) is a non-governmental organisation with a global membership of national scientific bodies and International Scientific Unions. ICSU's mission is to strengthen international science for the benefit of society.